The First Principle:
All of Allah’s Names are beautiful to the highest degree. Allah سبحانه وتعالى said:
وَلِلَّـهِ الْأَسْمَاءُ الْحُسْنَىٰ فَادْعُوهُ بِهَا
“And (all) the Most beautiful names belong to Allah, so call on Him by them” [Qur’an, 07:180]
This first principle is because they imply qualities that are perfect and complete, containing neither flaw nor deficiency.
1. The EVER-LIVING:
An example of that is the name, the Ever-Living, which is one of the Names of Allah سبحانه وتعالى. It implies a life that is complete, one that was not preceded by nothingness, and one that never climaxes and will never come to an end. The “Ever-Living”, also implies other qualities that are simply perfect and complete, such as knowledge, ability, hearing, sight & others.
2. The ALL- KNOWING:
Another example is the Name, the All-Knowing. It, too, is one of the Names of Allah, and it implies knowledge that is complete – knowledge that was not preceded by ignorance, and that will never result in forgetfulness.
Allah سبحانه وتعالى said:
عِلْمُهَا عِندَ رَبِّي فِي كِتَابٍ ۖ لَّا يَضِلُّ رَبِّي وَلَا يَنسَى
“The knowledge thereof is with my Lord, in a Record. My Lord is neither unaware nor He forgets.” [Quran, 20:52]
Allah’s knowledge is at once vast and complete. It denotes not only knowledge of the general aspects of everything, but also knowledge of the minutest details of everything, regardless of whether that means knowledge of His own actions or knowledge of the actions and movements of His creation.
Allah سبحانه وتعالى said:
وَعِندَهُ مَفَاتِحُ الْغَيْبِ لَا يَعْلَمُهَا إِلَّا هُوَ ۚ وَيَعْلَمُ مَا فِي الْبَرِّ وَالْبَحْرِ ۚ وَمَا تَسْقُطُ مِن وَرَقَةٍ إِلَّا يَعْلَمُهَا وَلَا حَبَّةٍ فِي ظُلُمَاتِ الْأَرْضِ وَلَا رَطْبٍ وَلَا يَابِسٍ إِلَّا فِي كِتَابٍ مُّبِينٍ
“And with Him are the keys of the Ghaib (all that is hidden), none knows them but He. And He knows whatever there is in the land and in the sea; not a leaf falls, but He knows it. There is not a grain in the darkness of the earth or anything fresh or dry, but is written in a Clear Record. ” [Quran, 06:59]
وَمَا مِن دَابَّةٍ فِي الْأَرْضِ إِلَّا عَلَى اللَّـهِ رِزْقُهَا وَيَعْلَمُ مُسْتَقَرَّهَا وَمُسْتَوْدَعَهَا ۚ كُلٌّ فِي كِتَابٍ مُّبِينٍ
“And no moving (living) creature is there on earth but its provision is due from Allah. And He knows its dwelling place and its deposits (in the uterus or grave). All is in a Clear Book (Al-Lawh al-Mahfooz- the Book of Decrees with Allah).” [Quran, 11:06]
يَعْلَمُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَيَعْلَمُ مَا تُسِرُّونَ وَمَا تُعْلِنُونَ ۚ وَاللَّـهُ عَلِيمٌ بِذَاتِ الصُّدُورِ
“He knows what is in the heavens and on earth, and He knows what you conceal and what you reveal. And Allah is All-Knower of what is in the breasts (of men)” [Quran, 64:04]
3. The MOST MERCIFUL:
A third example is Allah’s Name, the Most Merciful. It implies mercy that is complete and perfect. The Messenger of Allah صلى الله على وسلم referred to that mercy one day, after the conclusion of a battle that took place between the Muslims and the disbelievers. The females and children of enemy soldiers were gathered and taken as captives. When a woman saw her infant boy among the group of captives, she raced towards him, embraced him with a powerful embrace, and then preceded to breastfeed him. When seeing what she did, the Messenger of Allah صلى الله على وسلم said:
لَلَّهُ أَرْحَمُ بِعِبَادِهِ مِنْ هَذِهِ بَوَلَدِهَا
“Verily, Allah is more merciful towards His slaves than she is towards her child”
[Al-Bukhari, Book of Adab (5999); Muslim, Book of Repentance (2754)]
The Name, “the Most Merciful” also implies a kind of mercy that is vast and all-encompassing. Allah سبحانه وتعالى said:
وَرَحْمَتِي وَسِعَتْ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ
“And My Mercy embraces all things.” [Quran, 07:156]
And He سبحانه وتعالى said about the supplication of the Angels for the believers:
رَبَّنَا وَسِعْتَ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ رَّحْمَةً وَعِلْمًا
“Our Lord! You comprehend all things in mercy and knowledge.”
Definitely, each of Allah’s Names is beautiful in and of itself. But, each name is also beautiful when it is coupled with another of Allah’s beautiful names, compiling completeness upon completeness.
An example of that are the two names, “The Almighty, The All-Wise”.
Allah سبحانه وتعالى frequently mentions these names together in the Noble Quran. Each name on its own points to a level of completion and perfection that is specific to it. Accordingly, the name, “The Almighty” points to complete might and power. The name, “The all-Wise” points to complete wisdom. But, when they are mentioned together, they imply another kind of perfection.
Allah’s might and power are coupled with wisdom.
Thus, His might and power never lead to oppression or wrongdoing. This is contrary to what occurs among the created beings. When a human being becomes powerful, his power and might may lead him towards evil-doing, transgression, tyranny and oppression. Similarly, Allah’s wisdom is coupled with complete might and power. This is contrary to the state of the created being. If a human being is wise, he might not have the power and might to fight the tyranny and oppression that takes place around him.