The Third Principle Regaring the Names of Allah

The Third Principle:

If the meaning of one of Allah’s Names extends beyond Allah Himself [to reach His creation], then that name implies three principles:

1.     That name is affirmed as being one of Allah’s Names.

2.     The quality that is implied by that name is affirmed as being one of the Attributes of Allah.

3.     The ramification or implication of that attribute is also affirmed.

For this reason, people of knowledge say that, if a highway robber repents, he should not be punished for his crimes. They cite as evidence the saying of Allah:

إِلَّا الَّذِينَ تَابُوا مِن قَبْلِ أَن تَقْدِرُ‌وا عَلَيْهِمْ ۖ فَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّـهَ غَفُورٌ‌ رَّ‌حِيمٌ

Except for those who (having fled away and then) came back (as Muslims) with repentance before they fall into your power; in that case, know that Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

[Qur’an, 05: 34]

This is because the two names in this verse – the Oft-Forgiving and the Most Merciful – imply that Allah has forgiven their sins and has shown mercy to them by lifting the punishment they should have otherwise received.

An example of this principle is the name, “the All-Hearer.” It affirms the fact that “the All-Hearer” is one of the Names of Allah. It affirms the fact that hearing is one of Allah’s attributes or qualities. It also affirms the consequence or result of the said attribute – that Allah hears even what is spoken in secret and in private gatherings. For, as Allah said:

وَاللَّـهُ يَسْمَعُ تَحَاوُرَ‌كُمَا ۚ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ سَمِيعٌ بَصِيرٌ‌

And Allah hears the argument between you both. Verily, Allah is All-Hearer, All-Seer.

[Qur’an, 58:01]

However, if the implied meaning of one of Allah’s Names does not extend beyond Allah Himself, then only two principles are affirmed:

1.     That name is affirmed as being one of Allah’s Names.

2.     The quality that is implied by that name is affirmed as being one of the Attributes of Allah.

An example of this is the name, “the Ever-Living”. It affirms the fact that “the Ever-Living” is one of the Names of Allah, as well as, affirming life as being one of the attributes of Allah.

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One comment on “The Third Principle Regaring the Names of Allah

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